Guest Blogger – Valerie Lee
Thursday, December 12, 2013
Other Valerie Lee Guest Blog Posts:
Guest Blogger – Valerie Lee
YEAR OF THE HORSE
Valerie Lee, Author of
The Jade Rubies
A Long Way to Death Row,
From many years of candid interviews with
Happy New Year!
GUNG HAY FAT CHOY
MAH NIEN. 2014 is the Year of the Horse. This magnificent animal proudly gallops in ousting the sneaky, slithery Snake, the strongest negative force among the 12 animal deities that rule the Chinese lunar calendar. The Horse begins his reign on January 31, 2014 until February 18, 2015 at which time the Ram will take over.
There is definitely a leader of men born in the Year of the Horse. He had proved it time and time again by his ruthless, forceful nature. This is indeed the traits of none other than the great Genghis Khan. He was born Temujin and was the founder and Great Khan of the Mongol Empire which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise.
Each year is assigned an animal in a 12-year cycle and the Chinese believe that they take on the likeliness of animals that rule the year of their birth just as modern Astrologists believe people born under a certain sign of the Western Zodiac have similar traits.
Let’s take a look at the characteristics of those born in the Year of Horse, 1906, 1918, 1930, 1942, 1954, 1966, 1978, 1990, 2002 and 2014.
Horse individuals are earthly, good looking with raw sex appeal and may appear more arrogant and youthful than other signs but they also are volatile and erratic. They don’t like routine and prefer being free so they can do anything on a whim.
They are usually happy, friendly and cooperative and not overly egotistical so they wouldn’t constantly vie for attention. Being social with lots of energy they tend to be the life of a party and like to travel.
Loyal to friends and family they can be fickle when it comes to love but if they can’t have the one they love, why not love the one they are with? However, if they feel the rein tightening they would not hesitate for one minute to trot off to greener pastures. In business, they are confident and they will succeed in whatever they pursue but with their forceful manner, they prefer to be boss.
Progressive, they tend to be modern but not sentimental so they would throw caution to the wind tossing out the old and welcoming in the new. New inventions and change gives them an opportunity to explore other things but they will always try hard to take care of their responsibilities first.
The last Fire Horse year was 1966 and it will not come around again until 2026. People in Asia considered it bad luck to have children at that time, especially the female horse because they could bring disaster to their families and future spouses. So the birth rates dropped due to voluntary abortions because no one wanted Fire Horse children because the men are high-spirited, hot-blooded, excitable and hard to control. Now this belief is a form of superstition to the Chinese and can be just as ridiculous as Americans who fear crossing the path of a black cat.
Regardless of which animal rules each year, most Chinese Americans look forward to Spring Festival or Guo Nien because it’s the biggest party of all, like all the birthdays and holidays combined all into one. Since the New Year celebration runs for two weeks, we start off with eating the usual traditional Chinese dishes symbolic of this particular time.
The most popular Chinese New Year’s dish is meatless and is still consumed today and consists only of vegetables. This delicious recipe originated from the Buddhist Monks who went begging for food and received only meager portions of vegetables. However, being inventive cooks, they created what is known as Monk’s food or Jai.
Ingredients of Jai are a play on Chinese words, especially those symbolizing good luck. Fat Choy (hair-like seaweed) is wealth; Fun see (cellophane noodles) and Chin Ngee (fungus) are longevity; Foo Jook (dried bean curd and sheets) means blessings for each household: Bak Ko (ginko nut) means 100 Grandchildren; Ho See (oysters) means good tidings and successful business: Lin Gee (lotus seed) means many children; Gum Choy (dried lily flower) means gold and good luck; and Hua Sung (peanut) means birth and promotion.
During this period, parents, grandparents, friends and family will be honored with many gifts as oranges, candy, nuts and pastry. It’s the time to promote benevolence, reunions, family unity, remembrances, and people will pay homage to their deceased ancestors.
Candied preserved fruits and vegetables also signify something – melon seeds mean many children, carrots resemble coins so they symbolize golden wealth. The long vines of squash and melon plants mean a long line of descendants; lotus seeds mean productions of sons; kumquats are for good luck and coconuts are hopes for a strong relationship between father and son.
While many will be enjoying special foods, events and festivities, much can be remembered and learned from the past.
Many momentous events took place during the Horse Years.
On a positive note, there was one historical turning point on November 18, 1918 when Germany signed an armistice and World War I was over.
In another Horse Year, 1942, Joe Louis knocked out Buddy Bear in the first round and the World Heavyweight Boxing Championship was successfully defended for the 20th time.
On September 27, 1954, The Tonight Show premiered on NBC, hosted by Steve Allen, the show’s co-creator.
On February 3, 1966, Soviet scientists engineered a spectacular feat when they landed Luna 9 spacecraft on the pitted lava surface of the moon.
On July 26, 1978 in Manchester, England, Louise Brown, the world’s first test-tube baby, was born, in vitro fertilization in a pioneering operation by Dr. Patrick Steptoe.
In 1990, the highlights for the World Cup soccer finals, everyone was in awe. Before a crowd of 6,000 and a broadcast audience of 1.5 billion, conductor Zubin Mehta presided over a unique concert showcasing the once in a lifetime show with a trio of dominant operatic tenors, Jose Carreras, Placido Domingo, and Luciano Pavarotti.
On a more ominous note, on April 18, 1906, San Francisco residents suffered one of the most tragic and feared natural catastrophes of all time: an earthquake that lasted 47 seconds and 450,000 people lost their homes with 670 dead and 350 missing.
And in the Soviet Union on July 16, 1918, another Horse Year, the unsuspecting Romanovs, Nicholas, his wife, Alexandra, their five children, four daughters and Alexis, the 14-year-old heir were ordered to go down to their cellar where they were all executed.
In July, 1930, police and rioters battled during a serious anti-British riot that broke out in Mansurah, Egypt following the dismissal of Nationalist Premier Nahas Pasha who narrowly escapes death in the unrest when the soldier’s bayonet thrust was diverted by his deputy.
Remember the Bataan Death March that happened on April 9, 1942 when the Japanese command forced 76,000 American and Filipino soldiers on a brutal 65-mile march to a prison camp? Although weak from dysentery and hunger, more than 5,000 Filipinos and 600 Americans died and many others bayoneted when they could go no farther and others randomly tortured to death. Only 54,000 prisoners completed the grueling hike. 10,000 escaped into the jungle and of these, 17,000 starved to death in the camp.
In another Horse Year, in November, 1978, over 900 people died in a mass suicide by drinking cyanide at the behest of their leader, Reverend Jim Jones at the People’s Temple Commune in Guyana.
This year, 2014, brace yourself for lots of action, adventure and productivity. In our lively and high-spirited world, life will be hectic with more tension and stress. We need to take a step back and not tax our energy or drive ourselves too hard.
Industry and the world’s economy will be on the upswing with more attention in areas of diplomacy, politics and our environment.
This will also be a capricious year filled with romantic, carefree adventures. Fashions will be colorful, bold and exciting with stunning designs, yet provocative with flowing fabrics allowing freedom of movement.
The cheerful, sanguine, unpredictable horse will quicken our pulses with his energetic spirit, so proceed with caution and common sense towards money matters. Patience and perseverance will win out in the months to come.
Photo Description And Copyright Info
Valerie Lee. Copyright by Valerie Lee.
Jacket cover of Jade Rubies.
Jacket cover of A Long Way to Death Row, From Many Years of Candid Interviews With Charles Ng.
Sculpture of horse from Chinese Zodiac and Mount Horgan. Photograph attributed to Jakub Halun. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike and GNU Free DocumentationLicense.
Portrait of Genghis Khan cropped out of a page from an album depicting several Yuan emperors, now located in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. Original size is 47 cm wide and 59.4 cm high. Paint and ink on silk. Public domain.
Terracotta zodiacal Snake from the Sui Dynasty (581-618). Photograph attributed to Guillaume Jacquet. GNU Free Documentation License and Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike.
Stone carving of the Chinese Zodiac. Photograph attributed to Felix Andrews. GNU Free Documentation License and Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike.
The carvings with Chinese Zodiac on the ceiling of the gate to Kushida Shrine in Fukuoka. Photograph attributed to Jakub Halun. GNU Free Documentation License and Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike.
Black cat (Lillith). “I took this picture of Lilith, a black cat found as a kitten in a supermarket parking lot. Feel free to share this image, but leave "Lilith" in the file name, please!” Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 2.5 Generic.
Lion dancers at Historic Chinatown Gate, Chinese New Year, Hing Hay Park, Seattle, Washington on February 3, 2011. Photograph attributed to Joe Mabel. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 Unported.
Buddhist Monks in Thailand. Photograph Attributed to Tevaprapas Makklay. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike.
Buddha’s Delight or Jai. Photograph attributed to FotoosVanRobin from Netherlands. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 2.0 Generic.
Fat Choy. Photograph attributed to Benjwong. Public Domain.
Cellophane noodles. Photograph attributed to Benjwong. Public Domain.
Ngee black cloud fungas. travelling-foodies.com/2013/06/06/kerabu-kacang-botol-spicy-wi...
Chinese New Year Candy Box. Attributed to Denise Chan at Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 2.0 Generic.
Lotus seeds. Public Domain.
Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) from the Marennes-Oléron (fr) basin in France. Quality image attributed to David Monniaux. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 2.0 France and 3.0 Unported.
Colorized photograph, which depicts from left to right: German Admiral Ernst Vanselow, German Count Alfred von Oberndorff (1870 - 1963) of the Foreign Ministry, German army general Detlof von Winterfeldt, British Royal Navy Captain Jack Marriott (Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord), Matthias Erzberger, head of the German delegation Center party member of the Reichstag (1875 - 1921), who was later murdered by Freikorps rightists for his role in the Armistice, British Rear-Admiral George Hope (Deputy First Sea Lord), British Admiral of the Fleet Sir w:en:Rosslyn Wemyss (First Sea Lord), Marshal of France Ferdinand Foch (1851 - 1929), and French general Maxime Weygand (1867 - 1965). according to http://www.jamd.com/image/g/3279533
This image appears to be a painting, not a colourized photograph. (It might have also been published as a sepia postcard.) The probability that it is not a photograph is also indicated by the inaccurate depiction of furniture, in Maréchal Foch's 'dining car', which had a fixed-to-the-floor table and French chairs (as seen in photographs of the event). The probable inaccuracy of the depiction might be the reason for its anonymity. Public Domain.
Joe Lewis. Attributed to Carl Van Vechten. Library of Congress, Public Domain.
Jacket cover of Inventing Late Night Steve Allen and the original Tonight Show.
A replica of Luna 9 on display in the Memorial Museum of Astronautics.
Attributed to Русский: Вадим Кондратьев. Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 Unported.
Dr. Patrick Steptoe. Fair Use Under the United States Copyright Law.
Zubin Mehta in 2007. Attributed to Omats + Aviad Bublil. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 Unported and GNU Free Documentation License.
The Three Tenors (Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, and Luciano Pavarotti) in 1988. Fair Use Under the United States Copyright Law.
San Francisco Earthquake of 1906: Ruins in vicinity of Post and Grant Avenue. Looking northeast. Attributed to H.D. Chadwick. Public Domain.
Looking Down Sacramento St., 1906. "San Francisco: April 18, 1906." From As I Remember by local photographer Arnold Genthe: This photograph shows "the results of the earth quake, the beginning of the fire and the attitude of the people." It was taken the morning of the first day of the fire. Shows Sacramento St. at Miles Place (now Miller Place) near Powell St. Public Domain.
This photo of Tsar Nicholas II and his daughters Olga, Anastasia and Tatiana in captivity at Tobolsk in the winter of 1917-1918 is from the Beinecke Library and can be used with attribution. The correct credit line is Romanov Collection, General Collection, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Romanov Collection, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Image ID 3750098 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia. Public Domain.
Prime Minister of Egypt Nahas Pasha. Public Domain.
Photograph taken during the March of Death from Bataan to the prison camp march at Cabanatuan. This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain.
Jacket cover of RAVEN The Untold True Story of the Rev Jim Jones and His People
Saturday, December 7, 2013
Christal Cooper – 1,668 Words
Facebook @ Christal Ann Rice Cooper
WHAT DID JESUS REALLY LOOK LIKE?
JESUS THROUGH EYES
I want to know Your human form
not the image of the bearded man in white-
But the One I can talk to,
Eat bread and fish with, hold hands with.
Do You have the lips of Mick Jagger,
The sculpted body of Arnold Schwarzenegger?
What color is your hair or are You bald?
Your hands may be gentle, or may be
coarse, dirty. When You wandered
Israel’s forests and mountains,
Were you able to bathe or was your odor
Appalling to the Romans?
You may be ugly, common, or grotesque,
But when I see Your face and form-
I will finally see beauty.
It’s rare to find a mass of people who agree on one thing, much less on something as controversial as Jesus. There appear to be three camps out there: Jesus is the Son of God; He was just a good man; or He was mentally ill. But for as far as the existence of Jesus, there appears to be a consensus of all peoples of faith, and from all the corners of the world, that He did exist. Perhaps the most controversial idea about Jesus is not who He is, but His physical appearance.
The white, European, Anglo-Saxon have a monopoly on Jesus’s appearance - tall, blonde, blue eyed, white skin, handsome features. In fact, perhaps the two most famous real-life-men images of Jesus is that of actor Robert Powell who portrayed Jesus Christ in the 1977 miniseries “Jesus of Nazareth” and James Caviezel in Mel Gibson’s 2004 movie theatrical production “The Passion Of The Christ.”
One work that describes Jesus’s appearance is The Archko Volume, published in 1887, and purported to be a selection of historical records from the writings of the Sanhedrin and the Jewish Talmud that relate to the life and death of Jesus Christ. In the chapter “Gamaliel’s Interview” Jesus is described as looking like His mother, “He is the picture of His mother, only He has not her smooth, round face. His hair is a little more golden than hers, though it is as much, from sunburn as anything else. He is tall and His shoulders are a little dropped; His visage is thin and a swarthy complexion. His eyes are large and a soft blue, and rather dull and heavy.”
Publius Lentullis, the President of Judea during Jesus’s time, wrote a letter to the Senate describing Jesus as “a man of stature somewhat tall and comely with reverent countenance.” Lentullis wrote of Jesus’ chestnut-colored hair that is “full ripe, plain to His ears, whence downwards it is more orient and curling and wavering about his shoulders.” He further states that the partition in His hair resembles that of the typical Nazarene, and describes His red beard as the same color as His hair, but very thick, long, and forked. Lentullis also describes His face as perfection: “His forehead plain and very delicate; His face without spot or wrinkle, beautified with a lovely red; His nose and mouth so formed as nothing can be reprehended; His look innocent and mature; His piercing eyes gray, clear, and quick.”
Pontius Pilate makes it a point to separate the differences between Christ and His fellow men: “His golden colored hair and beard gave to His appearance a celestial aspect. What a contrast between Him and His bearers with their black beards and tawny conmplexions!”
John Damascus, in a letter to Emperor Theophilus, describes Jesus as having a black beard with a wheat-colored complexion, as well as having “brows which grew together, the beautiful eyes, the prominent nose, the curling hair the look of health.”
Greek Ecclesiastical historian Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos, who lived around 1320, claimed to have gathered documents and writings of philosophers and other witnesses who actually saw Jesus. In Xanthopoulos’s Historica Ecclesiastica (consisting of 18 books) Jesus is described as having thin, brown, curling hair that had not been cut since childhood. According to this writing Jesus has black eyebrows, and “sea-blue eyes shading into brown” that have a “beautiful glance” and his nose “prominent” with a slightly bent neck and an oval face with an olive and ruddy complexion.
It may be comforting to read eye witness accounts, especially for the Christian, but there’s a problematic twist: the Archko Volume has been proven to be a fraud; Publius Lentullus never existed; and Xanthopoulos, who clamed to have received his information from reliable sources, has been questioned about the honesty and authenticity of his research; the letters of Pontius Pilate were originally published in 1928 as a novel by William Overton Clough titled “Letters of Pontius Pilate – Letters Written During His Governship of Judea to His Friend Seneca in Rome;” and John Damascus was born in 676 A.D., well after the time of Jesus’s birth, crucifixion, and resurrection.
It is safe to say there really is no strong, substantial evidence of Jesus’s appearance. The Bible is vague about Jesus’s physical description. We do know that David, Jesus’s 14-times-great grandfather, was described in 1 Samuel 16:12 as having a red complexion: “He was ruddy, with a fine appearance and handsome features.” We are also told that Joseph was a descendant of Shem, Noah’s son. But scripture believers knows there is no chance that Jesus inherited any biological trait from His earthly father Joseph, because Joseph was not His biological father. Thus the only inherited human biological traits Jesus could have inherited were those of the Virgin Mary, his biological mother. We know that Mary was also a descendent of David; having descended from David’s older son Nathan, whereas Joseph descended from David’s son Solomon.
In Revelation 1:14-15, Jesus is described: “His head and hair were white like wool, white as snow, and His eyes were like blazing fire. His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace.” We are told in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke that it was necessary for Judas Iscariot to point out Jesus to the arresting army.; so perhaps His physical appearance was not that distinct from those around him. Matthew 26:48: “Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: “The one I kiss is the Man, arrest Him!” In John 18:4-5, the arresting army has to inquire who Jesus is. “Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen, went out and asked them, “Who is it you want?” “Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied. “I am He,” Jesus said.” Experts believe that Jesus’s physical appearance, though He was apparently not the typical Galilean, was very much like the typical Galilean.
Experts from numerous fields and various countries, Israeli archeologists, British scientists, and BBC collaborated in an attempt to answer the question of Jesus’s phsyical attributes. The experts were prominent in their prospective fields: archeology, biology science, climate adaptation, computer science, cultural data, dentistry, forensic anthropology, genetics, human growth and development, human osteology, nutrition, paleoanthropology, physical anthropology, physical science, primatology, and topography. Popular Mechanics December 2002 Issue states: “British scientists assisted by Israeli archeologists have recreated what they believe is the most accurate image of the most famous face in all of human history.”
Medical artist and Englishman, Richard Neave acquired three well-preserved human skulls from Jerusalem, where Jesus apparently lived and preached. The skulls were dated and proved to be the same chronological age that Jesus was during the time of his ministry, 30 to 33 years old. With computerized topography, Neave created X-ray slices of the skulls that revealed accurate measurements of the thickness of soft tissues at key areas on the three human faces. As a result, Neave and his research team were able to recreate muscles and skin overlying the represented skulls. To determine the color and hair type, Neave and his team studied drawings dated from the 1st century from archeological sites. At the end of the research, it was unanimously determined that Jesus had dark features with dark tightly coiled hair and a beard. In 1 Corinthians 11:14, Paul writes of his distaste of men with long hair: “Does not the very nature of things teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a disgrace to him.” It only seems fitting that Jesus Christ, whom Paul worshipped, would have short hair.
Neave and his team also determined that Jesus was about 5 feet 1 and weighed about 110 pounds. Neave’s team also found that Jesus was extremely athletic and physically fit, with a fantastic muscular structure. Due to His vocation as a carpenter, and the time spent in the sun, His face was weather-beaten and made Him appear years older than his 30 to 33 years. The end result, as the Popular Mechanics reported, is that Jesus was a short, Middle Eastern man.
Jeremy Bowen, former BBC Middle East correspondent and host of the documentary series, “Son of God,’ admitted in an interview that the BBC image was not the image of Jesus Christ. “But we believe He would have had a face like the one we created.”
Allison Galloway, professor of anthropology at the University of California in Santa Cruz, also admits this is not the face of Christ, but still believes the image is as accurate as anyone will ever accomplish in human history. She told Popular Mechanics writer Mike Fillon, “This is probably a lot closer to the truth than the work of many great masters.”
Many of these great masters are still unknown, such as the fresco painting of Jesus Christ in 230 to 240 A.D., which is believed to be the first representation of Jesus Christ. Another unknown great master depicted Jesus with a beard in a fresco painting in 375 A.D., which is believed to be the first representation of Jesus with a beard. The first black Jesus originated from a church in Rome and dates from 530 AD. The first known Icon of Christ was the 6th Century painting that depicts Jesus as being of Eastern Mediterranean descent.
Photo Description and Copyright Information
Photo 1. Video cover of the miniseries Jesus of Nazereth.
Photo 2. Movie Poster of The Passion.
Photo 3. Front cover of The Archko Volume, 1887.
Photo 4. Front cover of the letter of Publius Lentullis to the Senate.
Photo 5. Painting of Pontius Pilate interrogating Jesus Christ. Attributed to Nikolai Ge in 1890. Public Domain.
Photo 6. Painting of John Damascus. Photo courtesty of St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church. Public Domain.
Photo 7. Front copy of the letter wriotten by Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos titled Historica Ecclesiastica.
Photo 8. Book cover of Letters of Pontius Pilate – Letters Written During His Ghoernship of Judea to His Frend Senca in Rome.
Photo 9. Fresco painting of Jesus Christ during 230 to 240 A.D. This painting is believed to be the first representation of Jesus Christ. Public Domain.
Photo 10. Painting of Judas Iscariot kissing Jesus Christ in berayal. Attributed to Gustave Dore. Public Domain.
Photo 11. Front cover of the Popular Mechanics December 2002 issue.
Photo 12. Fresco painting of Jesus Christ, believed to be the first representation of Jesus Christ with a beard in 375 A.D. Public Domain.
Photo 13. The Face of Christ featured in Popular Mechanics December 2002 issue. Copyright granted by the BBC and Creative Commons-Attribution Share Alike.
Photo 14. DVD jacket cover of the documentary series “Son Of God.”
Photo 15. The first representation of Jesus Christ as a black man, originating forma church in Rome in 530 A.D. Public Domain.
Photo 16. The first known Icon of Jesus Christ in the 66h Century. Public Domain.
Tuesday, December 3, 2013
Christal Cooper – 414 Words
Facebook @ Christal Ann Rice Cooper
What The Police Know
Julianne Stallman was stabbed to death in her home, located at 1028 California Street in Butte, Montana on November 29, 1994.
The time of the homicide occurred between 3:00 p.m. and 6 p.m.
Her body was discovered by her older son John, at 6:00 p.m. He dialed 911 at 6:01 p.m.
The perpetrator was male, at least 5 feet 11 inches tall.
There is a full DNA profile of an unknown male contributor.
Police believe she knew the person.
There was no sign of forced entry.
This was not a random crime, but rather a crime of rage in which the attacker displayed a lot of anger.
The killer was probably covered in blood when he left the 1028 California residence.
Police believe there are eyewitnesses that need to come forward.
Only one weapon was used.
Police are also asking for descriptions of vehicles in the area during that time.
Police believe the perpetrator is still in the area.
IF I HAD ONLY KNOWN
If I had only known
I’d never hear your voice again
You were the treasure in my hand
You were the one who always stood beside me
So unaware I foolishly believed
That you would always be there
But then there came a day
And I turned my head and you slipped away
Excerpt from If I Had Only Known
Performed by Reba McIntyre
Words and Music by Jane Stanfield and Craig Morris
Played at Julianne Stallman’s Funeral via request by Jennifer MacPhee
A DAUGHTER’S QUEST
In 1995 I made poster signs of my mom, stood out in front of the busy intersection, holding them in my hands, high up in the air, for three hot afternoons in a row.
In 2005, I joined the Citizens Against Homicide, a national support group based in California. In March 2005, they published an article I wrote about my mom in their monthly newsletter.
In November 29, 2006, we held a candlelight vigil for my mother in Butte, Montana. We wore T-shirts with Mom’s photograph with the words “Have You Forgotten? We Haven’t.”
Ever year for the past twenty-one years, I contact the police to make sure they do not forget, and to relay to police every possible rumor, whisper I have heard. I will leave no stone unturned.
I will never let go!
Photo Description and Copyright Info.
Newspaper Clipping of Stallman's murder.
Mother and Daughter. Jennifer MacPhee and Julianne Stallman in 1975. Copyright by Jennifer MacPhee.
Reba McIntyre from "If I Had Only Known" music video
Fair Use Under the United States Copyright Law
Jennifer MacPhee. Copyright by Jennifer MacPhee.